Starting point: an analysis of the situation
Before we describe the social inclusion policies to be implemented, we should mention the analyses of the situation in Barcelona to discover the facts and dynamics that give rise to social exclusion and how they affect people.
Below is a summary of the most significant facts from the Inclusion Plan:
Lack of opportunities for young people
A rise in job insecurity and in the number of young people who neither study nor work.
An ageing population living longer
Two out of ten people in Barcelona are over the age of 65.
More dependent people
The city needs to adapt to our senior citizens and continue implementing the Act on Care for People in Situations of Dependency.
Difficulties in integrating people with disabilities
Such people are especially vulnerable to social exclusion because they often need assistance in their daily activities.
Change in the migration paradigm
Immigration has tailed off, resulting in a number of priorities as it is the immigrants who have been hit hardest by the consequences of the crisis.
More single people
3 out of every 10 households in Barcelona are single-person
households. One third of over-65s live alone.
Social inequalities are on the rise
There is a general impoverishment of the middle class.
Job insecurity is on the rise
Most employment contracts signed in 2011 were temporary, many being for periods of under a month.