The Magic Fountain is the main feature of the collection of waterfalls and ponds on Avinguda Maria Cristina, which stretches from the Palau Nacional to Plaça Espanya in Montjuïc. This is a spectacular fountain which is very popular because of its water arrangements, sound and lighting. 2,600 litres of water are pumped through this great fountain per second in three concentric pools which have a water recirculation system.
Through its connection to the groundwater network of Montjuïc Mountain, the Magic Fountain and the three upper waterfalls are supplied with water coming from subsoil level.
It was built for the 1929 World Fair by Carles Buïgas on the site where The Four Columns by Josep Puig i Cadafalch had stood before being demolished in 1928. Using extremely artisanal methods, up to thirty water arrangements could be used with different colours.
In the 1980s music was added, and shortly before the 1992 Olympic Games it was completely renovated; despite this, the fountain still has a large part of the original mechanisms.