Picasso Museum of Barcelona

This timeline shows biographical information about Pablo Picasso, as well as the highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso.

1881, 25th October

Born in Malaga, the first-born son of María Picasso López and José Ruiz Blasco, painter, teacher at the San Telmo School of Fine Arts and curator at the Municipal Museum.

1891-1895

The Ruiz-Picasso family reside in Corunna where the father won a place as a teacher at the Guarda School of Fine Arts, and where Picasso starts his art studies in 1892.

1895

Picasso’s first visit to the Prado Museum in Madrid. After spending the summer in Malaga, the Ruiz-Picassos set up home in Barcelona. He takes the entrance examination for the Llotja School of Fine Arts where he studies for two years.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Man in a Beret

1896

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Self-portrait, Portrait of the Artist’s Mother, Portrait of the Artist’s Father, Portrait of Aunt Pepa, Mountain Landscape

1897

He presents Science and Charity at the Fine Arts General Exhibition in Madrid. He begins his studies at the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid at his family’s request, but before long leaves the Academy. Frequent visits to the Prado Museum.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Science and Charity

1898

He falls ill with scarlet fever. He returns to Barcelona and moves to Horta d’Ebre (now Horta de Sant Joan (Terra Alta, Tarragona)), on the invitation of his friend Manuel Pallarès. ‘Everything I know I learnt it in the town of Pallarès’, Picasso would say years later.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Mas del Quiquet

1899

He returns to Barcelona and frequents the Quatre Gats tavern, a meeting place for avant-garde art. He shares discussions with Carles Casagemas, Jaume Sabartés, the Reventós brothers, the Soto brothers, the Cardona brothers and Joan Vidal Ventosa

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: The Divan

1900

First individual exhibition at the Quatre Gats. In September, he makes his first trip to Paris with Carles Casagemas, on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition in Paris where a work by the artist, Last moments, was being shown. He meets Pere Mañach, his first dealer, and has his first contact with the gallery owner Berthe Weill. He returns to Barcelona at the end of December and celebrates New Year in Malaga with Casagemas.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: “Decadent Poet”, Portrait of the writer Ramon Reventós, Riera de Sant Joan Street, from the artist’s studio window, The Embrace, Fairground Stall

1901

Move to Madrid. Casagemas commits suicide in Paris. He founds the magazine Arte Joven with Francesc d’Assís Soler which had a print run of 5 editions. He returns to Barcelona and makes a second trip to Paris. From June 25th to July 14th he has his first exhibition in Paris at the Vollard Gallery alongside the Basque painter Francisco Iturrino. He meets the poet Max Jacob. Beginning of the Blue Period.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: The End of the Number, The Wait (Margot), Still Life, Woman with Bonnet

1902

Return to Barcelona and third trip to Paris, where he lives and works short of money in Max Jacob’s room.

1903

Return to Barcelona. He begins his studies for La Vie (Life), a masterpiece from the Blue Period, presently housed in the Cleveland Museum of Art.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Mother and Child, Roofs of Barcelona

1904

His fourth and final trip to Paris where he moves to Montmartre in the building known as ‘Bateau-Lavoir’ at 13 Rue de Ravignan. He meets Fernande Olivier who would become his companion until 1912. He also meets the poets Guillaume Apollinaire and André Salmon and frequents the Medrano Circus.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: The Frugal Meal, The Madman

1905

Start of the Rose Period. He spends three weeks during summer at the house of writer Tom Schilperoort in Schoorl (Holland). He meets brother and sister Leo and Gertrude Stein.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Portrait of Senyora Canals

1906

The Steins introduce him to Henri Matisse. A stay in Gósol (Berguedà, Lleida). Return to Paris.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Woman’s Head (Fernande)

1907

He creates Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, the starting point for Cubism. He meets Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler, who is to become his main dealer, and Georges Braque.

1908-1914

Braque and Picasso develop Cubism.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: The Offering

1909

He comes to Barcelona with Fernande and spends the summer at Horta de Sant Joan. He returns to Paris and changes address – leaving Bateau-Lavoir and moving to 11 Boulevard Clichy.

1910

Picasso and Fernande spend a few days in summer in Barcelona and then Cadaqués.

1911

In summer, Picasso goes to Céret where he meets with Frank Burty Haviland and Manolo Hugué. Braque also moves to Céret. In autumn, he meets Eva Gouel (Marcelle Humbert) who would become his companion.

1912

He makes his first collages and exhibits at the Dalmau Galleries in Barcelona. After separating from Fernande, he begins his life with Eva at a new address at 242 Boulevard Raspail.

1913

His father dies. Brief stay in Barcelona to attend the funeral.

1914

He spends the summer months in Avignon. Braque and Derain are mobilised by the war which represents the end of Cubism as a movement. He returns to Paris with Eva in October.

1915

Eva Gouel passes away.

1916

Jean Cocteau introduces him to Serge de Diaghilev, director of the Ballets Russes who offers him work on the ballet Parade.

1917

A trip to Italy with Cocteau to work with the Ballets Russes. He meets the ballerina Olga Khokhlova. Parade premieres in Paris with the curtain, decoration and wardrobe by Picasso. Trip to Barcelona from June to November.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Harlequin, Blanquita Suárez, The Passeig de Colom, Gored Horse

1918

Marriage to Olga Khokhlova in Paris. They move to 23 Rue La Boétie. ‘Matisse-Picasso’ exhibition at the Paul Guillaume Gallery in Paris, organised by the dealer Rosenberg.

1919

Trip to London to prepare The Three-Cornered Hat, the new Ballets Russes production.

1920

Pulcinella premieres in Paris – the third collaboration with Diaghilev’s company. Joan Miró visits Picasso’s studio for the first time leading to their good friendship.

1921

His son Paulo is born.

1923

He meets the poet and critic André Bréton, head of the surrealist movement. He spends the summer at Cap d’Antibes.

1924

The ballet Mercure opens in Paris with decoration and wardrobe by Picasso.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Glass and Packet of Tobacco

1925-1938

Although not participating directly with Surrealism, his friendship with writers at the time often involves him in group meetings.

1927

He meets Marie-Thérèse Walter, who he has a relationship with until 1936 and a daughter, Maya.

1928

His collaboration with Juli González begins, who starts him on metal sculpture. Salvador Dalí visits Picasso on his first trip to Paris.

1931

He moves to Boisgeloup Castle in Normandy, which he had bought a year earlier, where he sets up his sculpture studio.

1932

Christian Zervos publishes the first volume of his monumental catalogue of Picasso’s work (32 volumes). The Barcelona Museums of Art buy the Lluís Plandiura Collection containing 22 works by Picasso.

1934

Summer holidays in Spain: San Sebastián, Madrid, Toledo and Barcelona.

1935

Separates from Olga and birth of Maya, Picasso’s daughter with Marie-Thérèse Walter. Sabartés becomes his private secretary and his friendship with Paul Éluard begins.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Minotauromachy

1936

He sides with the Republicans at the start of the Spanish Civil War. He moves to Mougins and is visited by the Éluards, the Zervos, Roland Penrose, Lee Miller, Man Ray and Dora Maar, a photographer linked to the surrealist movement and who is to become his new companion. Named honorary director of the Prado Museum in Madrid.

1937

He sets up his studio at 7 Rue des Grands Augustins in Paris. On April 26th, the German air force bombs the town of Guernica (Basque Country). From May to June he works on the painting Guernica to be presented at the Spanish Republican Pavilion at the International Exhibition in Paris. Trip to Switzerland and a visit to Paul Klee.

1939

Death of his mother, María Picasso López, in Barcelona. He moves to Royan with Dora Maar and Sabartés. He decides not to return to Spain until the Franco regime ends. Portrait of Jaume Sabartés with ruff and cap

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Retrat de Jaume Sabartés amb gorgera i barret

1941

He writes his first play, Desire Caught by the Tail.

1943

He meets Françoise Gilot, a young painter who would be his companion for two years and mother to two of his children – Claude and Paloma.

1944

L’Humanité announces his affiliation to the French Communist Party.

1945

He begins his studio collaboration with Fernand Mourlot where he explores the creative possibilities of lithography.

1946

Exhibition at MoMA in New York – ‘Fifty Years of his Art’. Picasso works on the Grimaldi Palace which, years later, would become the Picasso Museum of Antibes.

1947

Birth of his son Claude by Françoise Gilot. They go to live in Vallauris (Provence), where he begins his pottery work.

1948

He takes part in the Wroclaw Congress of Intellectuals for Peace (Poland), giving a speech in favour of Pablo Neruda's release.

1949

Birth of Paloma, Picasso’s daughter by Françoise Gilot.

1953

Picasso and Françoise separate. He meets Jacqueline Roque who would become his companion until his death.

1955

Death of Olga Khokhlova. He purchases La Californie villa in Cannes, where he moves with Jacqueline.

1957

He paints Las Meninas, which he would donate to the Picasso Museum in Barcelona in 1968.

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Spanish Plate, The Bullfight Game

1958

He purchases Vauvenargues Castle, near Aix-en-Provence.

1960

On Picasso’s own volition, Jaume Sabartés, Picasso’s personal friend and secretary, proposes the creation of a museum dedicated to the artist’s work to Barcelona City Council. On July 27th, the Picasso Museum in Barcelona is founded in agreement with the City Council.

1961

Picasso and Jacqueline Roque marry in Vallauris and move to Notre-Dame-de-Vie in Mougins.

1962

Intense engraving work for the next two years.

1963, 9th March

The Museu Picasso in Barcelona opens to the public with the name The Sabartés Collection since, due to Picasso’s opposition to the Franco regime, it is impossible to open a museum with his name. The museum houses the personal collection of Sabartés and the Picasso works owned by the Barcelona Museums of Art.

1965

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Painter at Work

1968

Death of Sabartés. Picasso pays homage by giving the Picasso Museum in Barcelona the Blue Portrait of Sabartés and the series of Las Meninas.

1969

Highlighted artworks that can be seen at the Museu Picasso: Seated Man

1970

Large donation to the Picasso Museum in Barcelona by the artist himself of over 900 works kept at the home of his family in Barcelona.

1971

Installation of 8 paintings by Picasso at the Grande Galerie at the Louvre, the first time a living artist’s work is hung at the Louvre.[according to Picasso’s grandson, Olivier Widmaier, in Portraits de famille. Paris, Éditions Ramsay, 2002, p.123]

1973, 8th April

Pablo Ruiz Picasso passes away in Notre-Dame-de-Vie, in Mougins. He is buried in the garden at Vauvenargues Castle on April 10th.