Exhibition room 1. Guernica

The global impact of Guernica (1937) continues to be immense. Since the early 1970s, the mural’s humanitarian theme and public appeal have particularly inspired artists outside Europe and North America to make work that explores the political challenges of their times, such as continuing violence over civilians in armed conflicts or political or military repression.

Some European artists have also examined the legacy of Guernica to pose the question, among others, of whether artists in the twenty-first century can still inspire social change.