Museu Picasso

Guillaume Apollinaire

(Rome, 1880 – Paris, 1918)

Apollinaire's real name was Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apollinaire de Kostrowitzky. A poet, novelist and essayist, Apollinaire settled in Paris in 1899, working as a clerk and an art critic for several magazines, showing sympathy for the new trends in art. He frequented the artistic and literary circles of the French capital, where he acquired a certain reputation and wrote Les peintres cubistes, the text that became a manifesto of Cubism. He met Picasso in October 1904 and in 1918 was one of the witnesses of the artist's marriage to Olga Khokhlova (the other two were Max Jacob and Jean Cocteau). Their friendship can be traced in their collected letters. In Picasso’s caricatures of Apollinaire Invariably his head is pear-like, his hair a row of bristles, his eyebrows and eyes slanting downwards, his mouth small and his figure portly, smoking pipe hanging from his mouth.

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1
Caricature of Guillaume Apollinaire
Gósol, 1906
Black pencil on graph paper
12 x 7,3 cm
Adquisició, 2000. MPB 113.039c

2
Guillaume Apollinaire, Bank Clerk
París, 6 de desembre de 1905
Pen and ink on postcard
12 x 7,3 cm
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie, Museum Berggruen. NG MB 6/2000

Room 2