Standards and agreements provide an essential bedrock for the coherence, compatibility and interoperability required for enabling the data, services and resources of an IDE to be used, combined and shared.

Rules and standards need to be distinguished and the importance of regulations and technical guidelines noted.

these are defined by the ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) in the international arena , CEN (European Committee for Standardisation) on the European level and AENOR (Spanish Standardisation and Certification Association) in Spain.
The most important standardisation bodies in the field of geographical information are the OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) and the Technical Committee 211 of the ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation).
To provide geographical information access and exchanges on the web, interoperability specifications need to be established and followed. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is the body that ensures these specifications conform to international standards. Here are a few examples of OGC specifications that this spatial data infrastructure is based on:
Rules and technical guides
The Higher Geographical Council is the body in charge of drafting and approving these in Spain. In the European sphere, it is Eurostat which is tasked with establishing recommendations for statistics organisations in EU member states.On the autonomous-community level, it is the Catalan Map and Geology Institute. (Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya) They are especially important when it comes to creating and maintaining an SDI service.

Related legislation

European scope:

National scope:

Regional scope: