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Climate change is a challenge of worldwide that can only be understood from a global perspective. However, climate change policies, concerning both mitigation and adaptation, should also be considered on a local and regional level if they are to be really effective. Spain’s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 2002 meant that Catalonia had to accept responsibility in the undertaking to limit emissions in the 2008-2012 period to a 15% increase compared to 1990 levels.
In this context, in 2005 the Advisory Council for Sustainable Development (CADS) published the first report on climate change in Catalonia, and the Department of the Environment and Housing was established as the verifying body for emissions by the companies taking part in the emissions market, as a result of the implementation of Directive 2003/87/EC. /p>
Subsequently, in 2006, under the auspices of the Department of the Environment and Housing, the Inter-ministerial Climate Change Committee and the Catalan Office for Climate Change were created to ensure the implementation of climate change measures and compliance with the Kyoto Protocol.
On 30 September 2008, the Government of Catalonia approved the Framework Plan for Climate Change Mitigation in Catalonia 2008-2012, the first Catalan plan to deal with climate change in a coordinated and integrated way within the set of actions taken by the Government of Catalonia.
Likewise, in regard to adaptation, the Catalan Office for Climate Change has begun the first of a series of studies that will serve to define a strategy for the prevention and adaptation to climate change in Catalonia. The first study was of the Ebro Delta area.